The origin of crepes can be traced back to Brittany, a region in the northwest of France. Crepes were originally called galettes and were made with buckwheat flour, water, and salt. The galettes were often filled with cheese, butter, or eggs and were a staple food for peasants in the region.
In the 12th century, the use of white flour became more widespread, and crepes began to be made with wheat flour. The first written reference to crepes appeared in a cookbook from the early 14th century called Le Ménagier de Paris.
Evolution of Crepes: Over time, crepes began to be associated with festive occasions, and they were often served during religious celebrations such as Candlemas (La Chandeleur) and the Feast of the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple. In some cultures, it is traditional to hold a coin in one hand while flipping the crepe with the other, to bring good luck and prosperity.
In the 20th century, crepes became a popular street food in France, and vendors began selling them with a variety of sweet and savoury fillings. Nutella, bananas, and whipped cream became popular fillings for sweet crepes, while ham, cheese, and mushrooms were popular choices for savoury crepes.
Crepes Around the World: Today, crepes are enjoyed all over the world and have been adapted to suit different cultures and tastes. In Russia, they are known as blinis and are often served with caviar and sour cream. In Japan, crepes are served as a street food with a variety of fillings, including fruit, ice cream, and chocolate.
In the United States, crepes became popular in the 1960s, and many restaurants began offering them as a dessert item. Crepes have since become a staple of many breakfast and brunch menus, and they are often served with a variety of fillings, from classic strawberries and whipped cream to more adventurous combinations like ham and cheese or smoked salmon and cream cheese.
In conclusion, crepes are a versatile and delicious food that has a rich history dating back centuries. From humble beginnings as a peasant food in Brittany to becoming a popular street food all over the world, crepes have evolved over time to suit different cultures and tastes. Whether you prefer sweet or savoury, there's a crepe out there for everyone!